Land Readjustment across planning cultures: a dialogue between Japan and Latin America in urban planning?
DCRP doctoral student, Erik Vergel presented the paper “Land Readjustment across planning cultures: a dialogue between Japan and Latin America in urban planning? The case of Colombia and Brazil” as part of the Panel “Transnational Urbanism: The Movement of Urban Planning Ideas between Latin America and the World” at the LASA Conference in San Francisco.
The panel on “Transnational Urbanism” focused on the influences and exchanges of ideas, practices and experiences between Latin American and the World. The discussant for this panel was Professor Clara Irazabal from Columbia University. Erik’s paper was developed as part of the class PLAN 744 Development and Environmental Management of Professor Yan Song in DCRP at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The paper shows the Japanese influence of land readjustment technique in urban development projects in Latin America, particularly in Colombia and Brazil. Based on two case studies, Bogota (Colombia) and Curitiba (Brazil), the paper explores potential links between land use development oriented towards Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems through the implementation of land readjustment measures as part of the land use planning framework of both cities. Based on BRT-oriented development concept, which was first introduced in a research project currently leaded by Professor Daniel Rodriguez in DCRP at UNC-Chapel Hill, the paper also suggest that there are potential links between transportation investments and affordable housing trough LR measures in both cities.
Abstract: Land Readjustment (LR) has been a key tool for urban development in Japan since the beginning of the 20th century. The LR basic idea is the reassembling of land parcels by a new layout plan together with the development of new infrastructures. Land contribution by each landowner is essential to utilize newly established infrastructures at the site and to cover the project cost fully or partially. LR principles have influenced the urban planning systems of Colombia (Law of Territorial Development in 1997) and Brazil (Cities Statute in 2002). Land management instruments in Colombia (Partial Plans) and Brazil (Joint Urban Operations) include LR principles such as the reassembling of land parcels, land contribution, and land value capture measures. As part of this process, the Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has built close ties between Japanese, Colombian and Brazilian urban planners through capacity building and cooperation projects where the LR method has played an important role. On the other hand, the paper describes the land use and transportation connection of Bogota and Curitiba as part of the implementation of the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems in these two cities. The present paper discusses this connection between land use and transportation by identifying current issues in both cities related to missing opportunities either for potential revenues as a result of BRT investments or potential comprehensive urban development projects as a result of positive externalities of transportation investments. Considering the Japanese experience with LR practice with joint developments between transportation and land use planning, the paper explores potential scenarios to examine the extent to which a link between LR practice and Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems in Colombia and Brazil can take place as part of a new dialogue of these planning cultures.
744 Development and Environmental Management (3). Coordination of public powers and private actions to implement development plans and conserve environmental resources. Regulatory, public investment, incentive, and policy instruments used in land use and environmental guidance systems.
Daniel Rodríguez, Director
The Carolina Transportation Program is an interdisciplinary research and education program. CTP focuses on the study of transportation planning, transit, non-motorized transportation, and land use patterns, and their impacts on health, environment, energy and economic development at local, regional, national, and global scale.